The philistine knows only about psychiatry that in every city there are wonderful parks at psychiatric hospitals, and also that there was a punitive psychiatry before. In fact, psychiatry is a deep science with a rich history. The article tells about medicines that can save our mental health, as well as consider today’s views on what mental health of a person is and why we are able to improve it with the help of pharmacological drugs. Today we are talking about valium (a new name for diazepam), a powerful tranquilizer, used since 1963. Diazepam – this is the name of the active substance. By psychoactive means substances that are able to influence the nervous system, positively or negatively change a person’s mental state. In addition, diazepam is able to enhance the effect of other drugs, namely, hypnotics, analgesics, neuroleptics, narcotics. Strengthens the effect of alcohol. In addition, long-term use of drugs based on diazepam can lead to dependence on it.
This drug is produced in the form of tablets, injectable solutions and suppositories, which is less common. Tablets release in a dose of 10 and 5 mg, the solution – in ampoules of 2 ml with a dosage of diazepam 10 mg. Candles also have a dose of 10 mg. Also in the composition of each include additional substances that help shape the form of the drug itself. A certain form of release of the drug is chosen depending on the nature of the disease, its severity and current severity. Storage of “Diazepam” should be carried out at a temperature of 8 to 25 ° C.
Anxiolytic agent (tranquilizer) of benzodiazepine series. Has a sedative-hypnotic, anticonvulsant and central muscle relaxant effect.
The main mechanism of hypnotic action is the inhibition of cells of the reticular formation of the brain stem.
Anticonvulsant action is realized by strengthening presynaptic inhibition. The spread of epileptogenic activity is suppressed, but the excited state of the focus is not removed.
The central muscle relaxing effect of diazepam is due to inhibition of the polysynaptic spinal afferent inhibitory pathways (to a lesser extent, monosynaptic). Perhaps a direct inhibition of the motor nerves and muscle functions.
Increases the threshold of pain sensitivity. It suppresses parasympathetic (including vestibular) paroxysms. Reduces night secretion of gastric juice.
The effect of the drug is observed on the 2nd-7th day of treatment.
The productive symptomatology of psychotic genesis (acute delusional, hallucinatory, affective disorders) practically does not affect, rarely a decrease in affective tension, delusional disorders.
With abstinence syndrome with chronic alcoholism, weaken agitation, tremor, negativism, as well as alcoholic delirium and hallucinations.